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Stroke Neurology Services

Signs and Symptoms of Stroke

F: Face drooping. Ask the person to smile, and see if one side is drooping. One side of the face may also be numb, and the smile may appear uneven.

A: Arm weakness. Ask the person to raise both arms. Is there weakness or numbness on one side? One arm drifting downward is a sign of one-sided arm weakness.

S: Speech difficulty. People having a stroke may slur their speech or have trouble speaking at all. Speech may be incomprehensible. Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence and look for any speech abnormality.

T: Time to call 9-1-1! If a person shows any of the symptoms above, even if the symptoms went away, call 9-1-1 and get the person to a hospital immediately.

  1. Weakness or paralysis of any part of the body.
  2. Numbness or a "pins and needles" sensation anywhere in the body.
  3. Gait disturbances (trouble walking) or loss of balance and coordination
  4. Vision changes, blurred vision, or trouble with eyesight in one or both eyes
  5. Dizziness
  6. Severe headache that usually is unlike headaches in the past
  7. Confusion
  8. Inability to speak, slurred speech, or inability to understand speech
  9. Loss of sensation in any part of the body
  10. Memory loss
  11. Behavioral changes
  12. Muscle stiffness
  13. Difficulty swallowing
  14. Involuntary eye movements

What to do:

If you experience any of the symptoms able or witness any of these symptoms someone, immediately call 911 to seek medical attention. 

Stroke stats:

  • Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. More than 140,000 people die each year from stroke in the United States.
  • Stroke is the leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the United States.
  • Each year, approximately 795,000 people suffer a stroke. About 600,000 of these are first attacks, and 185,000 are recurrent attacks.
  • Nearly three-quarters of all strokes occur in people over the age of 65. The risk of having a stroke more than doubles each decade after the age of 55.
  • Strokes can and do occur at ANY age. Nearly one fourth of strokes occur in people under the age of 65..
  • Stroke is a leading cause of serious long-term disability.2 Stroke reduces mobility in more than half of stroke survivors age 65 and over.
  • On average, someone in the United States has a stroke every 40 seconds.
  • Stroke accounted for about one of every 17 deaths in the United States in 2006. Stroke mortality for 2005 was 137,000.
  • The risk of ischemic stroke in current smokers is about double that of nonsmokers after adjustment for other risk factors.
  • About 87% of all strokes are ischemic strokes(, in which blood flow to the brain is blocked.2
  • Stroke costs the United States an estimated $34 billion each year.2 This total includes the cost of health care services, medicines to treat stroke, and missed days of work.


Risk Factors:

-          High blood pressure

-          Smoking

-          Diabetes

-          High cholesterol

-          Physical inactivity and obesity

-          Carotid or other artery disease.

-          transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)

-          Atrial fibrillation (AFib) or other heart disease.

-          Certain blood disorders

-          Excessive alcohol intake.

-          Sleep Apnea

-          Illegal drug use


Types of stroke:

TIA transient ischemic attack: is caused by a temporary clot. Often called a “mini stroke”, these warning strokes should be taken very seriously.

Ischemic Stroke: occurs as a result of an obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain. It accounts for 87 percent of all stroke cases.

Hemorrhagic Stroke: occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures. Two types of weakened blood vessels usually cause hemorrhagic stroke: aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations(AVMs). But the most common cause of hemorrhagic stroke is uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure).

Support Groups:

UTMB Galveston:  Primary Care Pavillion
400 Harborside Dr., Entrance B Suite 123
Galveston  TX  77555

(409) 772-8834, Contact: Emily Skinner     


4th Wednesday of odd months, 3:30 - 5pm


MHSW Stroke Group
6411 Fannin St.,  Jones Pavillion, 7th floor conference room
Houston  TX  77030

(713) 704-6534, Contact: Kim Vu       Email:
Valet parking is complimentary at the main Cullen valet. Call (713) 222-CARE to register.

3rd Wednesday of every month, 2:30 pm


For more information visit:


Your personal health information (PHI) in relation to your feedback will always be kept confidential. Bay Area Regional is continually reviewing data and outcomes of stroke patients to consistently improve process and protocols and better care for future patients.  Your feedback is valued and helps us focus our improvement efforts to improve overall positive patient outcomes.